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Britain and Nigeria: Prisoners Exchange

UNDER Articles 68-74 of the Geneva Convention of 1929, any prisoner who is incapacitated and cannot contribute to the war efforts due to illness or disability, is repatriated to his or her country. In other words, a prisoner exchange or prisoner swap is a deal between opposing sides in a conflict to release prisoners of war, spies, or hostages. In some instances, dead bodies are involved in such an exchange.
The agreement between the United Kingdom (UK) and Nigeria, signed on Thursday, January 9, 2014, to allow the transfer of prisoners between the two countries, in addition to the British government's promise to give Nigeria £1 million [about N280 million] to assist in the comprehensive reformation of Nigerian prisons for the comfort of the inmates, far from being commendable, is, in fact, shameful and not in good taste.
Why should the citizens of a country who committed crimes in another country according to the laws of that country be made to serve their sentences in their homeland, with differing civil and criminal procedures and laws? The British-Nigerian prisoner exchange deal makes a mockery of the diplomatic relations between the two countries. But it is, however, possible that the agreement was concluded at the tail-end of the prisoners' prison terms in the UK, when they would be released into the British communities where they lived before their incarceration and the UK does not want to retain such characters in its domain any more, after trying them under its laws and putting them behind bars. One question that is thrown up by this exchange deal (if the word 'exchange' is to have a meaning) is, how many Nigerians are in British gaols and how many Britons does Nigeria have in its custody?
Is it not clear that, having sentenced many Nigerians to various jail terms, it has suddenly dawned on the British government that it makes no economic sense to spend its tax payers' money on Nigerian prisoners and ex-convicts in the UK?  Where is the morality in getting Nigeria to bear the socio-economic brunt of the offences committed and tried in another country (the UK), the tricky fact that the UK has fobbed off Nigeria with a paltry sum of one million pounds notwithstanding? Shall we say that that Greek gift was the lure, a veneer to cover the wiles of the diplomatic wizards? We think it is shameful! 
Where such arrangements are made anywhere in the world, there are conflicts, more often than not. But wherever such deals are struck, they are usually mutually beneficial to the contracting parties. For example, early this year, 2014, Syria's foreign minister said that Damascus was ready to offer a government prisoner in exchange for a number of rebels. In June 2013, the Afghan Talibans effected a plan to hand over a U.S. soldier held captive since 2009 in exchange for five of their senior operatives being held at Guantanamo Bay. On the contrary, the British-Nigerian Deal is a one-sided contract, with Britain having over 500 Nigerian prisoners, who will be unleashed on Nigeria, and Nigeria having perhaps only one British prisoner!
Usually, exchange of prisoners, as noted earlier, happens in international conflicts. As of now, there is no known conflict, like war, between Nigeria and Britain that could warrant or justify an exchange of prisoners between Britain and Nigeria. Therefore, the sole motivating factors for this lop-sided deal are, first, the need to stop British tax payers' money being spent on Nigerian prisoners and ex-prisoners and, secondly, the need to pass on the social problems associated ex-prisoners' post-conviction lives to Nigeria.
We are persuaded that the British-Nigerian Prisoners Exchange Deal is one deal too many: that a group of Nigerian nationals, who allegedly committed British offences, tried, convicted and sentenced to various terms of imprisonment in Britain under British laws and criminal procedures, is being unleashed on Nigeria to increase the nation's annual prisoners' budget and to make Nigeria bear the brunt of the UK's penchant for throwing Nigerians into jail at random, a lop-sided deal that will make Nigerians look like compulsive criminals, is most unacceptable.

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